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黄聪:Microsoft Enterprise Library 5.0 系列教程五 Data Access Application Block

  作者:凌空11腿   来源: 博客园-lonelyxmas  
原文: 黄聪:Microsoft Enterprise Library 5.0 系列教程(五) Data Access Application Block

企业库数据库访问模块通过抽象工厂模式,允许用户通过简单的配置选择不同的数据库作为程序的数据源,大大解决了切换数据库时带来的麻烦.因为我本机只安装了SQL Server 2005,所以在此只做SQL的演示,需要深究的朋友可以访问以下网站:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff664408%28v=PandP.50%29.aspx

 

企业库数据库访问模块的几大功能:

1.        最简单的功能,通过ExecuteNonQuery.方法执行SQL语句.

2.        执行ExecuteDataSet,返回DataSet类型的数据集.

3.        执行ExecuteScalar,获取返回的第一行第一列的信息.

4.        执行存储过程.

5.        通过代码实现事务.

6.        通过DataSet更新数据库.

7.        返回值XML.

8.       将返回的数据对象化.

9.       异步访问数据库.


以上的功能我会在下面一一介绍
, 测试程序我已打包 , 大家可以 点击这里 下载 .

 

下面介绍如何使用Microsoft Enterprise Library 5.0中的数据库访问模块.

1.   首先创建一个测试数据库,创建数据库的SQL文件我打包在压缩包里了,大家可以点击上面的下载链接下载.执行完SQL文件后,可以看到我们创建好的TestDB数据库:

2.   下载安装好MicrosoftEnterprise Library 5.0,然后在运行EntLibConfig.exe,选择Blocks菜单 ,单击 AddDatabase Settings .

 

3.    配置好文件之后保存为App.config文件,并添加到创建好的应用程序中.

此文来自: 马开东博客 转载请注明出处 网址: http://www.makaidong.com

并添加相应的引用,在此我不再多讲,大家下载我打包好的程序运行即可看到

 

4.      下面来介绍我在应用程序中实现的各个功能:

(1)     通过ExecuteNonQuery.方法执行SQL语句:      

///<summary>
/// 执行ExecuteNonQuery
///</summary>
privatevoid ExecuteNonQuery_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
db.ExecuteNonQuery(CommandType.Text,
"INSERT INTO [College] ([CollegeID],[Name]) values (6,'体育学院')");
}
   

(2)    执行ExecuteDataSet,返回DataSet类型的数据集.

///<summary>
/// 执行ExecuteDataSet,返回College列表
///</summary>
///<returns></returns>
privatevoid ExecuteDataSet_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
string sql ="select * from College";
DbCommand dw
= db.GetSqlStringCommand(sql);

dataGridView1.DataSource
= db.ExecuteDataSet(dw).Tables[0];
}

 

 

(3)    执行ExecuteScalar,返回第一行第一列的值.

///<summary>
/// 执行ExecuteScalar,返回第一行第一列的值
///</summary>
///<returns></returns>
privatevoid ExecuteScalar_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
Database db
= DatabaseFactory.CreateDatabase("ConnectionString");

string sql ="select [Name] from College where [CollegeID] = 1";
DbCommand dc
= db.GetSqlStringCommand(sql);
string str ="获取的学院名称为:"+ (string)db.ExecuteScalar(dc);
MessageBox.Show(str);

sql
="select [CollegeID] from College where [CollegeID] = 1";
dc
= db.GetSqlStringCommand(sql);
str
="获取的学院ID为:"+ (int)db.ExecuteScalar(dc);
MessageBox.Show(str);
}
 

(4)    执行存储过程.

///<summary>
/// 执行存储过程
///</summary>
privatevoid StoredProcCommand_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
DbCommand dc
= db.GetStoredProcCommand("usp_College_LoadByID");

db.AddInParameter(dc,
"@CollegeID", System.Data.DbType.Int32, 5);

dataGridView1.DataSource
= db.ExecuteDataSet(dc).Tables[0];
}
 

(5)    通过代码实现事务.

///<summary>
/// 事务
///</summary>
privatevoid Transaction_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
DbCommand dc1
= db.GetStoredProcCommand("usp_College_Insert");

db.AddInParameter(dc1,
"@CollegeID", DbType.Int32, 7);
db.AddInParameter(dc1,
"@Name", DbType.String, "文旅学院");

DbCommand dc2
= db.GetStoredProcCommand("usp_College_Insert");

db.AddInParameter(dc2,
"@CollegeID", DbType.Int32, 7);
db.AddInParameter(dc2,
"@Name", DbType.String, "化工学院");

using (DbConnection conn = db.CreateConnection())
{
conn.Open();
DbTransaction trans
= conn.BeginTransaction();

try
{
//添加一个ID为7的学院
db.ExecuteNonQuery(dc1, trans);

//添加一个ID为7的学院,主键重复,事务将回滚
db.ExecuteNonQuery(dc2, trans);

//提交事务.
trans.Commit();
}
catch
{
//回滚
trans.Rollback();
}
conn.Close();
}

//查看数据库,数据未被添加,说明事务已回滚
ExecuteDataSet_Click(null, null);
}
 

(6)    通过DataSet更新数据库.

///<summary>
/// 通过DataSet更新数据库
///</summary>
privatevoid DataSetUpdate_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
DataSet productsDataSet
=new DataSet();

string sql ="Select * From College";
DbCommand cmd
= db.GetSqlStringCommand(sql);

string CollegeTableName ="College";

//恢复原始数据
db.LoadDataSet(cmd, productsDataSet, CollegeTableName);

//获取数据表格
DataTable dTable = productsDataSet.Tables[CollegeTableName];

//添加一个新信息入DataSet中
DataRow addedRow = dTable.Rows.Add(newobject[] { 8, "外国语学院" });

//修改一个原有数据
dTable.Rows[0]["Name"] ="国教院";

//提供插入,更新,删除存储过程
DbCommand insertCommand = db.GetStoredProcCommand("usp_College_Insert");
db.AddInParameter(insertCommand,
"@CollegeID", DbType.Int32, "CollegeID", DataRowVersion.Current);
db.AddInParameter(insertCommand,
"@Name", DbType.String, "Name", DataRowVersion.Current);

DbCommand deleteCommand
= db.GetStoredProcCommand("usp_College_Delete");
db.AddInParameter(deleteCommand,
"@CollegeID", DbType.Int32, "CollegeID", DataRowVersion.Current);

DbCommand updateCommand
= db.GetStoredProcCommand("usp_College_Update");
db.AddInParameter(updateCommand,
"@CollegeID", DbType.Int32, "CollegeID", DataRowVersion.Current);
db.AddInParameter(updateCommand,
"@Name", DbType.String, "Name", DataRowVersion.Current);

//通过DataSet更新数据库
int rowsAffected = db.UpdateDataSet(productsDataSet, CollegeTableName, insertCommand, updateCommand, deleteCommand,
Microsoft.Practices.EnterpriseLibrary.Data.UpdateBehavior.Standard);

MessageBox.Show(
"影响的行数:"+ rowsAffected);
}
 

(7)    返回值XML化.

///<summary>
/// 返回值XML化
///</summary>
privatevoid ReturnXML_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
//使用"FOR XML AUTO"参数使得SQL返回XML格式的信息
SqlDatabase sqldb = (SqlDatabase)DatabaseFactory.CreateDatabase("ConnectionString");

DbCommand cmd
= sqldb.GetSqlStringCommand("SELECT * FROM College FOR XML AUTO");
IEnumerable
<string> productList;

using (var reader = sqldb.ExecuteXmlReader(cmd))
{
if (reader.IsStartElement())
{
var root
= (XElement)XNode.ReadFrom(reader);
productList
= root.Elements("CollegeID")
.Attributes(
"Name")
.Select(a
=> a.Value).ToArray();

MessageBox.Show(((XElement)root).ToString());
}
}
}
 

(8)    将返回的数据对象化.

///<summary>
/// DataAsObject
///</summary>
privatevoid DataAsObject_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
//将返回的数据对象化
var results = db.ExecuteSprocAccessor<College>("usp_College_LoadAll");

MessageBox.Show(results.ElementAt(
0).ToString());
}
 

 

(9)    异步访问数据库.

///<summary>
/// 异步访问数据库
///</summary>
privatevoid Async_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
//创建新的数据库连接,属性必须添加:Asynchronous Processing=true
String connectionString =@"server=(local); database=TestDB; Integrated Security=true; Asynchronous Processing=true";
Database Sqldb
=new SqlDatabase(connectionString);
DbCommand cmd
= Sqldb.GetStoredProcCommand("usp_College_LoadbyID");
Sqldb.AddInParameter(cmd,
"@CollegeID", DbType.Int32, 1);

try
{
IAsyncResult result
= Sqldb.BeginExecuteReader(cmd, MyEndExecuteCallback, Sqldb);
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
MessageBox.Show(ex.ToString());
}
}

//当获取完毕执行该函数
privatevoid MyEndExecuteCallback(IAsyncResult result)
{
try
{
Database Sqldb
= (Database)result.AsyncState;
IDataReader reader
= db.EndExecuteReader(result);

College c
=new College((int)reader[0], (string)reader[1]);

MessageBox.Show(c.ToString());
}
catch(Exception ex)
{
MessageBox.Show(ex.ToString());
}
}

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       【原文阅读】:http://www.cnblogs.com/lonelyxmas/p/3582008.html
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